Melt inclusions and host olivine of Archean komatiites

Creator(s):
Sobolev, Alexander V; ORCID: 0000-0002-1997-2032
Asafov, Evgeny V
Gurenko, Andrey A
Arndt, Nicholas T
Batanova, Valentina G
Portnyagin, Maxim V
Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter
Wilson, Allan H
Byerly, Gary R
Abstract:
Major, trace elements, H2O contents and hydrogen isotopes composition of melt inclusions and compositions of host olivine phenocrysts from komatiites of Barberton (3.3 Gyr), Belingwe (2.7 Gyr) and Abitibi (2.7 Gyr) greenstone belts. Using hydrogen isotopes, we show that the mantle sources of these melts contained excess H2O which implies that a deep mantle hydrated reservoir has been present in the Earth's interior at least since the Paleoarchean. The reconstructed initial hydrogen isotope composition of komatiites is significantly more depleted in deuterium than all surface reservoirs as well as typical mantle but resembles that in dehydrated subducted slabs. Together with a significant excess of chlorine and a temporal trend of Pb/Ce in the mantle sources of komatiites, these results argue that lithosphere recycling into the deep mantle, arguably via subduction, started before 3.3 Gyr.
How to cite this dataset:
Sobolev, A. V., Asafov, E. V., Gurenko, A. A., Arndt, N. T., Batanova, V. G., Portnyagin, M. V., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Wilson, A. H., Byerly, G. R., 2019. Melt inclusions and host olivine of Archean komatiites, Version 1.0. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA). https://doi.org/10.1594/IEDA/111310. Accessed 2021-07-25.
DOI Creation Date:
2019-05-09
Related
Publication(s):
Sobolev, A.V., Asafov, E.V., Gurenko, A.A. Arndt, N.T., Batanova, V.G., Portnyagin, M.V., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Wilson, A.H., Byerly, G.R. (2019). Deep hydrous mantle reservoir provides evidence for crustal recycling before 3.3 Gyr ago. Nature.

Asafov, E. V., Sobolev, A. V., Gurenko, A. A., Arndt, N. T., Batanova, V. G., Portnyagin, M. V., Garbe-Schonberg, D. & Krasheninnikov, S. P. (2018). Belingwe komatiites (2.7 Ga) originate from a plume with moderate water content, as inferred from inclusions in olivine. Chemical Geology 478, 39-59.

Sobolev, A. V., Asafov, E. V., Gurenko, A. A., Arndt, N. T., Batanova, V. G., Portnyagin, M. V., Garbe-Schonberg, D. & Krasheninnikov, S. P. (2016). Komatiites reveal a hydrous Archaean deep-mantle reservoir. Nature 531, 628-632.
License:
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International [CC BY-SA 4.0]
Funding source(s):
Russian Science Foundation: 14-17-00491
Institut Universitaire de France
Labex OSUG@2020, Investissements d’avenir, France: ANR10 LABX56
Keyword(s):
Coverage Scope: Global
Geographic Location: Barberton, Abitibi, Belingwe, South Africa, Canada
User Contributed Keyword(s):
komatiites, volatiles, melt inclusions, olivine, Archean
Data Available On:
2019-07-15
Resource Type:
Dataset
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File Name
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File Checksum
1310-1_Microprobe_MeltInclusion_Template-Sobolev9.xls
270 KB

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Samples in this dataset: