Soil solution samples in the Jemez River Basin field sites of the Catalina-Jemez Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) are collected with the following two types of soil solution samplers: i) Prenart Super Quartz suction cups (www.prenart.dk). Prenart suction cups are optimized for all chemistry analyses and were installed without addition of Si-slurry to allow for artifact-free Si analyses. Applied suction for each Prenart is ~ 60 kPa. ii) Custom made, fiberglass wick-based passive capillary wick samplers (PCaps, Perdrial et al. 2012). PCaps are optimized for water flux determination and sampling for organic carbon, most (non-carbonate) anions and trace metals. PCap samples should however not be used for major cations (Na, Mg, Si, K, Ca) and dissolved inorganic carbon because of artifacts from the fiberglass materials (see Perdrial et al (2014) for a complete list). Passive (continuous) suction, based on the length of the hanging water column, is ~3 kPa. Soil solution samplers were installed in each of six pedons in the Mixed Conifer Zero Order Basin (MC-ZOB) and the fire impacted site (2011 Burned ZOB) at 3 (PCaps) and 4 (Prenarts) depths, respectively. Pedon locations were selected to capture differences in catchment aspect (MC-ZOB SE facing: Pit 3 and 4, NW facing: Pit 1 and 6), landscape position (MC-ZOB: hollow Pit 2 and 5, planar Pit 1 and 6, divergent Pit 3, convergent Pit 4), elevation and burn severity (co-varying in 2011 Burned ZOB: low Pit 1 and 2, mid Pit 3, high Pit 4 to 6). All samplers are collocated with Decagon soil moisture and temperature probes. MC-ZOB was subject to a high intensity wildfire (Thompson Ridge fire) in June 2013 and was then renamed to 2013 Burned ZOB.
Perdrial, J.N., Perdrial, N., Harpold, A., Gao, X., LaSharr, K.M., Chorover, J. (2012) Impacts of sampling dissolved organic matter with passive capillary wicks versus aqueous soil extraction. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 76: 2019-2030. Vazquez-Ortega, A., Perdrial, J., Harpold, A., Zapata-Rios, X., Rasmussen, C., McIntosh, J., Schaap, M., Pelletier, J. D., Brooks, P. D., Amistadi, M. K., and Chorover, J. (2015) Rare earth elements as reactive tracers of biogeochemical weathering in forested rhyolitic terrain. Chemical Geology, 391: 19-32. Perdrial, J. N., Perdrial, N., Vazquez-Ortega, A., Porter, C., Leedy, J., and Chorover, J. (2014) Experimental Assessment of Passive Capillary Wick Sampler Suitability for Inorganic Soil Solution Constituents. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 78(2): 486-495. Vazquez-Ortega, A., Huckle, D., Perdrial, J., Amistadi, M. K., Durcik, M., Rasmussen, C., McIntosh, J., Chorover, J. (2016) Solid-phase redistribution of rare earth elements in hillslope pedons subjected to different hydrologic fluxes. Chemical Geology, 426: 1-18. McIntosh, J.C., Schaumberg, C., Perdrial, J., Harpold, A., Vázquez-Ortega, A., Rasmussen, C., Vinson, D., Zapata-Rios, X., Brooks, P.D., Meixner, T., Pelletier, J., Derry, L., Chorover, J. (2017) Geochemical evolution of the Critical Zone across variable time scales informs concentration-discharge relationships: Jemez River Basin Critical Zone Observatory. Water Resources Research, 53(5): 4169–4196. Olshansky, Y., White, A.M., Moravec, B.G., McIntosh, J., Chorover, J. (2018) Subsurface Pore Water Contributions to Stream Concentration-Discharge Relations Across a Snowmelt Hydrograph. Frontiers in Earth Science, 6: 181.
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Soil solution, Soil water, Anions, Cations, Isotopes, pH, Carbon, Nitrogen, Fluoride, Chloride, Nitrite, NO2, Bromide, Nitrate, NO3, Sulfate, Phosphorus, Beryllium, Boron, Sodium, Magnesium, Aluminum, Silicon, Potassium, Calcium, Titanium, Vanadium, Chromium, Manganese, Iron, Cobalt, Nickel, Copper, Zinc, Arsenic, Selenium, Strontium, Yttrium, Zirconium, Molybdenum, Silver, Cadmium, Tin, Antimony, Barium, Lanthanum, Cerium, Praseodymium, Neodymium, Samarium, Europium, Gadolinium, Terbium, Dysprosium, Holmium, Erbium, Thulium, Ytterbium, Lutetium, Thallium, Lead, Uranium, Fluorescence index, Humification index, Specific UV Absorbance, delta-D. dD, delta-18O, d18O