Major, trace element, and isotope analyses of the distal Wuxi (WX) drill core

Qiu, Zhen; ORCID: 0000-0003-1886-1821
Zou, Caineng
Mills, Benjamin JW
Xiong, Yijun
Tao, Huifei
Lu, Bin
Liu, Hanlin
Xiao, Wenjiao
Poulton, Simon W
Expanded ocean anoxia and global cooling have been invoked as major causal mechanisms for the Late Ordovician mass extinction (LOME), but the factors underpinning the LOME remain unresolved. Here, we document two intervals of particularly intense phosphorus recycling in marine rocks deposited across a bathymetric transect in the Yangtze Shelf Sea. The first occurred during the initial phase of the LOME and, coincident with global cooling, drove the development of ocean euxinia on the shelf. The second re-established shelf euxinia after the peak of glaciation, leading to the second phase of extinction. Integration of these data into a global biogeochemical model indicates that phosphorus recycling would have doubled the long-term burial rate of organic carbon, driving ~4°C of global cooling. Thus, through its impact on both the spread of anoxia and global cooling, extensive redox-promoted phosphorus recycling was a critical factor in Earth’s first catastrophic loss of animal life.
How to cite this dataset:
Qiu, Z., Zou, C., Mills, B. J., Xiong, Y., Tao, H., Lu, B., Liu, H., Xiao, W., Poulton, S. W., 2024. Major, trace element, and isotope analyses of the distal Wuxi (WX) drill core, Version 1.0. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA). Accessed 2024-05-29.
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Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International [CC-BY-SA-4.0]
Coverage Scope: Global
User Contributed Keyword(s):
Late Ordovician, phosphorus, euxinia, global cooling, mass extinction
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