Magnesium and calcium isotopic geochemistry of silica-undersaturated alkaline basalts: Applications for tracing recycled carbon

Creator(s):
Qi, Yue; ORCID: 0000-0001-9336-0061
Abstract:
Here we present whole-rock geochemical and Mg–Ca isotopic compositions of Miocene silica-undersaturated alkaline basalts of the Western Qinling orogen, China. These alkaline basalts are associated with carbonatites and are characterized by low SiO2 (39.0-43.2 wt.%) and Al2O3 (6.98-9.15 wt.%) contents, high CaO/Al2O3 ratios (1.4-1.8), and positive Nb–Ta and negative Pb–Zr–Hf–Ti anomalies, suggesting they were derived by partial melting of carbonatite-metasomatized asthenospheric mantle. The studied samples have δ26Mg values of −0.24‰ to −0.44‰, ranging from mantle-like values (δ26Mg = −0.25‰ ± 0.07‰) to lower values. This implies that carbonatite metasomatism does not always produce low-δ26Mg anomalies. The samples have δ44/40Ca values (0.59‰–0.77‰; relative to the standard SRM915a) that are lower than Bulk Silicate Earth (0.94 ± 0.05‰), which are attributed to the involvement of low δ44/40Ca recycled carbonate in the mantle source. We suggest that the shift in mantle δ26Mg values during carbonatite metasomatism is controlled by the type and amount of carbonatite involved, while Ca isotope variations depend largely on the δ44/40Ca values of subducted carbonates. Mg or Ca isotopes alone, however, may not be sufficient to track the deep carbon cycle.
How to cite this dataset:
Qi, Y., 2022. Magnesium and calcium isotopic geochemistry of silica-undersaturated alkaline basalts: Applications for tracing recycled carbon, Version 1.0. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA). https://doi.org/10.26022/IEDA/112514. Accessed 2024-05-25.
DOI Creation Date:
2022-08-17
License:
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International [CC-BY-SA-4.0]
Keyword(s):
Coverage Scope: Regional (Continents, Oceans)
Geographic Location: Western Qinling orogen, China
User Contributed Keyword(s):
alkaline basalts, Mg-Ca isotope, carbon cycle
Data Available On:
2022-08-18
Resource Type:
Dataset
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