Mineral Textures and Chemistry Trace the Origin and Transcrustal Evolution of the Sanyuangou Syenite in Southern North China Craton

Ma, Jianfeng; ORCID: 0000-0002-2749-9214
In this study, we focus on a Paleoproterozoic garnet-bearing syenite in the Xiong’er large igneous province (LIP) on the southern margin of the North China Craton through detailed whole-rock and mineral analyses. The high K2O (7.4–8.8 wt.%) syenite emplaced at ~1772 Ma with ancient inherited zircon (1800–2800 Ma). The dominant mineral assemblage is composed of clinopyroxene, garnet, and K-feldspar with a small amount of titanite. Complex compositional oscillatory zoning of clinopyroxene and garnet indicates that magma mixing played a significant role in the formation of the syenite. We estimated the major elements composition for melts in equilibrium with clinopyroxene and calculated the clinopyroxene/melt partition coefficients by crystal lattice strain model, thus calculating the trace elements of the equilibrated melts. The equilibrium melts of high Mg# (>85) clinopyroxene have high CaO/Al2O3 (>0.6) and low Hf/Sm (<0.4), which suggests a role for carbonatitic metasomatism of the mantle. The variables La/Yb (24.4–56.1), Dy/Yb (0.8–5.9), and Yb (0.6–10.3 μg/g) indicate that the initial melts were formed by 1–2% partial melting of spinel-garnet phlogopite lherzolite. An REE-based model for melts in equilibrium with low Mg# (<85) clinopyroxene indicates that 10–30% felsic magma from ancient crust participated in hybridization. In addition to well-documented magma mixing, the oscillatory zoning of garnet is also related to competition with titanite. The initial alkaline magmas have a high water content (~4 wt.%), which delays the crystallization of K-feldspar, leading to the enrichment of K2O, until the K-feldspar accumulates in the shallow crust to form the syenite. Magma mixing under an open system further leads to alkalinity enrichment. Magma source and crustal evolution jointly determine the potassium-rich characteristics of syenite. Multiple episodes of magma mixing and fractional crystallization occur in the crust (700–300 MPa), suggesting complex and vertically extensive magma chambers. This study represents the first identification of carbonatitic metasomatism as a mantle source in the Xiong’er LIP. Furthermore, it offers a new perspective on magma mixing between the mantle and crust in transcrustal magmatic systems, contributing to the formation of alkaline rocks.
How to cite this dataset:
Ma, J., 2024. Mineral Textures and Chemistry Trace the Origin and Transcrustal Evolution of the Sanyuangou Syenite in Southern North China Craton, Version 1.0. Interdisciplinary Earth Data Alliance (IEDA). https://doi.org/10.60520/IEDA/113183. Accessed 2024-05-25.
DOI Creation Date:
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International [CC-BY-SA-4.0]
Coverage Scope: Regional (Continents, Oceans)
User Contributed Keyword(s):
syenite, magma mixing, carbonatic metasomatism, magmatic water, Xiong’er large igneous province
Data Available On:
Resource Type:
Download File(s)
File Name
File Size
File Checksum
40.26 KB